At the late nineteenth century using silk embroidery technique to decorate was within everybody’s reach, both popular and common in Central Asia and silk embroidered textiles played an important role in the daily life and settled decorated costumes with silk embroidery.
At the early twentieth century silk embroidery products began to lose their original function and came to be used exclusively for decorative purposes to beautify the home like wall hangings and other decorative silk embroidered textiles such as niche curtains, prayer mats, blankets, bedspreads, mirror pouches.
One of the most beautiful ethnic silk embroidered textile of traditional Central Asia culture was the large silk embroidered piece from Uzbekistan called suzani. Uzbek suzani formed an important part of a bride’s dowry.
Suzani comes from the Persian word for « needle » and it refers to silk embroidered textiles as hangings or coverings all decorated with silk embroidery patterns requiring much labor from all women of the same family.
Uzbek suzanis had a variety of tribal silk embroidery motifs according to four principal towns of Uzbekistan : Bukhara, Samarkand, Tashkent et Chakhrisabz.
These antique silk embroidered textiles produced for households and daughters’ dowries have actually a remarkable success and hence appears on the market new hand-embroidered suzanis which size, shape, designs, colors are similar to the antique silk embroidered pieces and made in Uzbekistan or India.
The best known embroidered textiles are the suzani, but a wide range of ethnic and tribal silk embroidered textiles were made in many other countries.