Central Asian textiles were produced by nomadic, peasant and urban people. The differences between the central Asian textiles reflect the cultural influences within their region and lifestyle. The distinction between the Central Asian textiles made by nomadic and settled people are based on specific need, techniques, available materials and motifs.
Central Asian nomadic textiles were heavy wool felt cover of the yurt, various size of large storage bags, animal trappings, carpets, yurt ornaments and partition. Peasant’s Central Asian textiles used for decoration and daily life was quite similar as nomad’s Central Asian textiles: wall hangings, floor covers, storage bags, patchwork kilts…
Peasants and nomads were interdependent, their relationship exchanges and their similar environments appear through the use of textiles for decoration and similar form.
Other kind of Central Asian textiles were the textiles of town-people. In urban centers, men in workshops produced ikat silk woven panels used for clothing. This Central Asian textile use defined the status and family wealth. One of the most well known Central Asian textile is the suzanis, beautiful silk hand embroidered pieces.
There were seven different cultural groups of Central Asia offering a wide range of Central Asian textiles’ type (wool, felted wool, silk, cotton) and Central Asian textiles’ techniques (weaving, embroidery, brocading…)