Tribal hanging textiles were woven for utilitarian functions. The decorative appearance of the tribal hanging textiles reflects the tribal identity of nomad culture. Throughout Central Asia, the decorative hanging textiles of Turkmen, Uzbek, Kirghiz, Kazakh tribes are incredibly diverse in their structures, colors and decorative patterns (tribal hanging textiles in various material silk or cotton embroidered, flat-woven rugs, “Korak” patchworks, Kazakh Tus Kiiz ).
There are many different shapes of tribal hanging textiles : tent-door hanging, tent-door surround, tent-divider, wall hanging produced by nomadic but also urban groups.
The tribal hanging textiles in the urban centers were made using silk embroideries on cotton or silk and ikat silks : kapilik, sardewar, suzani).
One of the most beautiful tent tribal hangings textiles, Kazhak Tus Kiiz, are the embroidered hangings of Kazakh nomads. The colorful, intricate designs of these tribal hangings textiles for their felt tents or yurts are based on ancient motifs, including especially Islamic arabesques. Commonly, the name of the woman who worked about Six to eight months to create one of these tribal wall hangings textiles, is embroidered on it somewhere, hidden and incorporated into the complex forms and vibrant colors.
They are left unfinished at the bottom, because this part hangs down below the bed or other furniture. This typically detail means in their culture that life continues.
Kyrgyz people made a wide range of tribal hanging textiles. Some are composed with an ikat cotton central panel and three patchwork borders.