Antique tribal oriental rugs from Middle East and Central Asia refer to traditional hand woven rugs with geometric motifs, several types of loom and weaving technique.
Among techniques used to weave antique oriental rugs were knotting, brocading, embroidery, warp and weft substitution weaves, flatweaves, soumak
There are two basic types of hand made antique tribal oriental rug : the hand knotted rugs and the flat weave rugs :
– The hand knotted tribal oriental rugs are rugs woven and knotted by hand: the weaver inserted wool tufts (knots) into the foundation of the rug and tied them by hand to make the pile (the density) of the rug.
The basically two kinds of knots used in antique tribal oriental rugs are the Persian knots (single knots called Senneh knots) and the Turkish knots (double knots called Gordes knots)
– The flat weave oriental rugs, woven with no pile are pile-less smooth surfaced weavings of various techniques : kilim, zili, soumak, cicim and jijim that can be employed together in one flatweave antique tribal oriental rug
Antique tribal oriental hand woven rugs and flat weaves were made from basics natural materials: cotton, silk, goat wool, sheep wool, camel wool. Produced for daily life by nomads and settled peoples there are a range of different tribal oriental rugs : tent hangings, horse covers, camel covers, storage bags, yurt bands, floor covers …
Antique tribal Oriental rugs are also called hand knotted oriental rugs and hand woven oriental, these rugs are often collectibles. Their quality depends on the knot count, dyes used and quality of the yarns.